5G technology is presented as the accelerator in the evolution of telecommunications and a large part of production processes in general. In fact, its contribution is essential in the incorporation of the Internet of things and Artificial Intelligence in various sectors, including public services.
Precisely, the low latency and high connection speeds that could be achieved with 5G (100 times higher than 4G) will make previously unthinkable possibilities a reality. Among them, the driving of vehicles without a driver, the improvement of remote surgery and production lines operated by robots.
On the other hand, this technological advance allows a greater number of connected devices: up to a million per square kilometer. Obviously, very far from the two thousand per Km2 that 4G tolerates. Consequently, the aforementioned capacity is important in view of the estimated projection of 50 billion units connected to IoT by 2030.
Next, we will briefly expose the positive impact of 5G technology in the most important industrial and social areas.
Precision agriculture powered by 5G technology
Nothing is as vital to human existence as food production. Indeed, an industry as susceptible to risks and losses as agriculture is beginning to rely on technologies resources to better control its variables. That is why more and more farms and large crops are using IoT sensors to assess soil conditions, weather and humidity.
Likewise, devices are used for the early detection of diseases before they spread over large areas of the crop. All of the above, plus satellite photography and other elements, are driving the trend known as precision agriculture .
Undoubtedly, the speed of 5G technology will be key in the development of this production model that extends to livestock management. Thus, thanks to 5G, farmers will be able to obtain data in real time to monitor eventualities , increase safety and guarantee quality crops and herds.
5G technology in the development of Industry 4.0
At the same time, the immediacy of data transmission through 5G technology will substantially benefit the consolidation of smart factories, making them more efficient and precise. The robotics used in this type of company will increase their self-learning capacity ( machine learning ) to adapt more quickly to changes.
Even the incorporation of Augmented Reality (AR – Augmented Reality) in the manufacture and maintenance of machines is already being successfully experimented with , to save costs and time. For this, 5G connectivity will be crucial, since the intensive use of AR requires the immediate processing of huge amounts of data. In addition, the fifth generation connection provides the bandwidth and the minimum latency necessary to achieve demanding image quality.
Transport and smart cities will be optimized with 5G technology
As we said before, the circulation of driverless vehicles will soon leave its experimental stage to become commonplace. In short, the problems caused by the responsiveness of the IoT and artificial intelligence devices of these units will be in the past. All this, thanks to 5G technology .
On the other hand, given the number of connected and remotely operated devices that 5G will enable, vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) communication will improve overwhelmingly. Real-time interaction within the V2V domain is vital to ensure functions such as emergency braking, which will reduce road accidents.
Likewise, in the planning and establishment of smart cities, fifth generation connectivity will facilitate the relationship between vehicles and infrastructure (V2I). In this way, public services such as passenger transport will be optimized, thanks to the synchronization between vehicles, traffic lights or bus stops, among others.
Communication between cars, parking meters and charging stations for electric cars will also be facilitated. Accordingly, 5G technology would ensure drivers quick location of available parking and refueling connections. Furthermore, other activities such as garbage collection services will be more efficient through the M2M connection between smart garbage containers and collection companies.
Telemedicine: a reality achieved with 5G technology
In February 2019, the first remotely monitored surgical intervention was carried out, with the support of 5G technology supplied by Vodafone. This happened during the Mobile World Congress in Barcelona . From the venue of the event, Dr. Antonio de Lacy directed the medical team that performed a delicate colon surgery at the Clinical Hospital of Barcelona.
In fact, it was found that the 5G connection allows high-resolution images to be obtained and the multitude of devices necessary for such procedures to be connected. Likewise, the monitoring of patients in their homes is a reality, which saves operating costs for public health services.
Development and efficient consumption of clean energy with 5G
Undoubtedly, 5G technology is a fundamental pillar in the expansion of the establishment and use of renewable and non-polluting energy sources. Specifically, in the cases of wind and solar energy that are dependent on weather conditions, the fifth generation connection will speed up dynamic switching. Such a process will optimize efficiency, reduce rate spikes and eventually lower the cost to users.
Similarly, this efficient connection network will promote the development of power plants, wind farms and solar panels. Also, it will make intelligent public and residential lighting possible and the improvement of sensors used in the detection of incidents related to climate change.
More agile financial services
In this case, we are talking about much more agile banking procedures and operations, either in current currency or with cryptocurrencies. In this sense, the security factor in transactions will be one of the aspects with the greatest development perspective with the support of 5G technology . Thus, both the expansion of Blockchain and the authentication of the client’s identity through the transmission of biometric data from mobile devices will be viable. All this immediately and accurately.
In conclusion, the development prospects of these five sectors with the support of the fifth generation connection are just a very small sample of the potential of this telecommunications technology. Obviously, 5G technology will have a powerful influence on even the smallest aspects of our daily lives.